HC-05 Bluelink 5V TTL

HC05 BLueLink  is a compact bluetooth module(5V serial TTL) from rhydoLABZ. It uses CSR Bluecore 04-External single chip Bluetooth system with CMOS technology and with AFH (Adaptive Frequency  Hopping  Feature). The module comes with a built in voltage regulator and 3V3 to 5V level converter required to interface with 5V micros. The HC05 BLueLink module can be used with any host with an UART interface powered at 3.3V – 5V, such as PIC and Arduino boards.  The HC 05 BLueLink has two modes of operation. AT command mode(Configures the bluetooth control parameters ) and  Data Communication mode (Communicate with other devices). The HC 05 BlueLink have three work roles.(Master, Slave and Loopback) in data communication mode.

The module is factory configured in Transparent Mode. So there is no command required for normal operation. The BlueLINK is a Drop-in replacement for wired serial connections, transparent usage. You can use it simply for serial port replacement to establish connection between MCU and GPS, PC to your embedded project / Robot etc. Any serial stream from 9600 to 460800 bps can be passed seamlessly from your PC/PDA/MOBILE to your target board!It has two modes of operation, namely AT command mode and Data communication mode.

  • In AT command mode, we can configure the different control parameters which finally determine the working of the module. In this mode we can’t communicate with other devices.
  • In Data communication mode, the device works as per the settings previously defined by the user in AT command mode and can communicates with other devices.

Features

  • Belongs to Bluetooth Class 2 category
  • UART interface with programmable baud rate
  • Builtin integrated antenna
  • 5PIN Standard Bergsrip
  • Power Supply:  3.3V – 5V
  • On board 3.3V regulator
  • Breadboard Compatible
  • Support UART interface to host system
  • Indication LEDs – Status LED (D2-Red), Power LED (PWR-Blue) and Pair LED (D1-Green)

Module Specifications

  • Speed: Asynchronous: 2.1Mbps(Max) / 160 kbps, Synchronous: 1Mbps/1Mbps
  • Security: Authentication and encryption
  • Typical -80dBm sensitivity
  • Up to +4dBm RF transmit power
  • Default Baud rate: 38400
  • Data bits:8, Stop bit:1,Parity:No parity
  • Supported baud rates: 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200, 230400 and 460800.
  • Auto-connect to the last device on power as default.
  • Auto-pairing PINCODE:”0000” as default
  • Pairing PINCODE:”1234”as default

LED Indications

  • Power LED: When the module is powered, Blue LED will glow.
  • Status LED: Indicates status of the module.
    1. AT Mode (LED blinks once a second): When the module is powered and PIN34 (Key) is given high level,Status LED flickers slowly once a second. It indicates that the module is in AT mode, and the baud rate is 38400.
    2. Unpaired Mode (LED blinks two times a second): When the module is powered and PIN34 (Key) is given low level or floating,Status LED flickers quickly indicating that the module is in pairable mode.
    3. Paired Mode (LED double flicker per second): Pairing is finished and module can communicate.
  • Pair LED: Glows when connection is established with another Bluetooth module.

Mode SelectionPIO11 (Key) is for mode selection. By default the  module is in AT Command mode and the default baud rate is 38400.In this mode we can change the Bluetooth name, baud rate, pass key, and Master, slave or auto connect etc.

How to get to AT mode?
Step 1: Open the Key pin to give 3.3V to PIO11.
Step 2: Supply power to the module.

How to get to communication mode?
Step 1: Short the Key pin to give ground to PIO11.
Step 2: Supply power to the module.

Pin Layout

Pin DescriptionChanging the module configurations in AT command mode

In AT command mode, open the Key pin to give 3.3V to PIO11 and give supply power to the module.In this we can configure the different control parameters which finally determine the working of the module. In this mode we can’t communicate with other devices.

Connect the module to PC and open terminal with COM1. Set baud rate as 38400 (The default baud rate for AT command mode is 38400)

Send the command AT followed by \r\n. The module returns “OK” as response. If any other response is received, send AT command till you get “OK”.

Device name can be set using the command “AT+NAME=<parameter>”
Send command AT+NAME=rhydoLABZ followed by \r\n
Again the module returns “OK” as response

Similarly by using different other AT commands, you can set the module configurations.

You can use BLueLink-HC TTL to communicate with other Bluetooth enabled devices.

In Data communication mode,short the Key pin to give ground to PIO11 and give supply power to the module. Here the device works as per the settings previously defined by the user in AT command mode and can communicates with other devices.

  • BLueLink-HC TTL used in PC to PC communication
  • BLueLink-HC TTL used in PC to smartphone communication
  • BLueLink-HC TTL used in PC to MCU communication
  • BLueLink-HC TTL used in MCU to MCU communication

BLueLink-HC TTL used in PC to PC communication

BLueLink-HC TTL interfaced to PC

Connect BLueLink-HC TTL to a PC and power it. From ‘Device manager’, get the COM port to which the module is connected and open Terminal with the same COM.
In another PC, plug-in Tiny Bluetooth Dongle and open Bluetooth interfacing software. We have used BlueSoleil 2.7.0.41. It automatically detects the Bluetooth devices connected to PC. You will see the following  window.

To search Bluetooth devices, press the red button in the middle. The software displays status as ‘Searching  for devices…’ You can also do this by “My Bluetooth  > Bluetooth  Device Discovery”. After the search is complete, you can see that the Bluetooth module with device name rhydoLABZ gets detected.

To establish connection, right click the rhydoLABZ icon and click connect. If the module is not already paired, it may ask a passcode. Give the passcode (1234 by default) and click OK.

Now Bluetooth connection is established between BLueLink-HC TTL and Tiny Bluetooth Dongle. The window will be as shown below.

To get the COM port to which Bluesoleil got connected use “Connect” option as shown in the image below. Open Terminal with same COM

Now check the data transfer between the PCs through Terminals.

BLueLink-HC TTL used in PC to smartphone communication

  • Connect BLueLink-HC TTL to PC. By default, the module is slave
  • Get the COM to which the module is connected.
  • Open Terminal with the same COM and desired baud rate.
  • Enable Bluetooth in your smartphone and search the module.
  • You can use the Android application “Connection Terminal” in your smart phone to check the data transfer.
  • Green LED glows when connection is established.

How to use Connection Terminal

In the home screen of “Connection Terminal”, click Configuration.

Select Bluetooth option

You can search new devices or connect to already paired devices

Select the device

To send data, select send option and type the data

The data  received on PC can be read from Terminal

Send data from PC

You can see the received data in Terminal as shown below.

BLueLink-HC TTL used in PC to MCU communication

Here the Bluetooth dongle connected to PC acts as Master and BLueLink-HC TTL connected to Microcontroller acts as slave. Follow the same steps as in PC to PC communication to establish Bluetooth connection. You can check the data transfer by interfacing an LCD with MCU and Terminal in PC.

BLueLink-HC TTL interfaced to MCUData received on PC

BLueLink-HC TTL used in MCU to MCU communication

To transfer data between two MCUs using BLueLink-HC TTL, configure one of the modules as master and other as slave. Now search the slave using master. If you set both of the units to ”Auto Connect” mode, they get automatically connected when powered.

Lets see how to configure HC-05 Bluelink 5V TTL as  MASTER Mode using RealTerm (click to download)

Note: Open RealTerm.Go to ‘Port’ option, set correct baudrate (38400) and assign correct port. Click ‘Change’ (encircled in green) to apply the changes. Now check the status of Port at the bottom of real term window(encircled in red). If it is closed, click ‘Open’ button (encircled in green) to open it.(In ‘Display’ option select Half Duplex so as to show outgoing characters in terminal)

By default all HC05 modules are SLAVEs. Using AT commands the module can be configured as we like.

  • If you type in AT & click on Send ASCII button you should get an OK confirmation from the HC05 module.
  • The ROLE of the module can be known by typing  AT+ROLE?  You can change it by AT+ROLE=0 ; 0 for SLAVE & 1 for Master. Leave it as 1 as we want this module to be MASTER.
  • AT+CMODE=1; Allows connecting to any address.
    Default is CMODE = 0 which allows connection to only bound address.
  • Initialize the SPP Profile library by typing; AT+INIT
    If you get ERROR(17) , it means you’ve already issued this command & you can continue ignoring the error.
  • Start searching: inquire surrounding bluetooth devices AT+INQ. The format of the output is as follows:
    +INQ:address,type,signal   e.g.  19:A4:2C6A7,1F00,7FFF
    Type can be ignored. The signal will be 7FFF since inquire is in standard mode.
    Copy the address part of the devices found, for example 19:A4:2C6A7 and change the colons to commas – 19,A4,2C6A7 & click on Send ASCII button you should get an OK confirmation from module
  • And now to actually connect to the SLAVE ie; for data communiaction
    AT+LINK=<address>
    AT+LINK=19,A4,2C6A7

    Click on Send ASCII button you should get an OK confirmation from module,now we can communicate in data communication mode.

Note: Each command is terminated with \r\n (ie 0x0d, 0x0a) corresponds to Carriage Return and Line Feed.

You can watch the status LEDs of both slave & master. After connection get establish green LED glows.

Resources

How to Buy?

Support

Please share your ideas with us, visit our forum for discussion

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ):

Q. What if the voltage to the module rises?
Ans. Nothing happens because the voltage gets regulated automatically and is made within the permissible range.

Q. What is the role of LED’s in the module?
Ans. LED’s helps to indicate the status of BLueLink connection. Various stages of connection is clearly shown by the LED’s. It  makes the user easy to solve the connection issues.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code class="" title="" data-url=""> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong> <pre class="" title="" data-url=""> <span class="" title="" data-url="">